Child development indicators

Toddler Age Indicators   -   18 months  to 36 months

Approaches to Learning
  • Increase the amount of time they can persist in repetitive tasks or pretend activities. IE. Building a block structure for a short period of time 
  • Increase persistence in trying to complete a task after previous attempts. IE. Trying to put various shapes in a shape sorting toy
  • Abilities to initiate activities
  • Participates in an increasing variety of tasks
  • Pretend and use imagination during extended plays scenarios with self and others.
  • Realize that people or things exist even when out of view
  • Begin using objects as intended

Social and Emotional
  • Seek Comfort and Help when needed; cry, rock back and forth, requesting help
  • Laugh in a social game or imitation with adults and peers; begins interacting in the game. 
  • Ability to form and maintain secure relationships with others
  • Understands self in terms of unique characteristics
  • Begins to recognize family members roles and names
  • Develops increasing independence
  • Recognizes own behaviors that are off limits and begins to control self
  • Offers to share

Language and Literacy
  • Understands questions, some basic concepts, and simple directions
  • Demonstrates increasing ability to attend to, participate in, and understand language in conversations;, stories, songs, and poems.
  • Build increased understanding of basic vocabulary and concepts. 
  • Enjoy the pattern of rhythm and repetition of songs, rhymes, voices, etc.
  • Participate in certain word games
  • Create “jokes” with sounds using nonsense combinations
  • Recognize print in areas. IE Stop Sign, Store Signs
  • Relate pictures with real objects, events and ideas
  • Begins to interact with story through familiar hand motions
  • Interest in exploring writing tools; makes scribbles and purposeful marks

Cognitive and General; Mathematical Concepts 
  • Build some understanding of quantity
  • One to one matching
  • Explores the concept of volume
  • Show some understanding of the concept of measurement
  • Shows Interest in Patterns
  • Explores similarities and differences of objects. IE. color, size, shape
  • Solving some simple jigsaw puzzles
  • Become aware of their own body and personal space
  • Increased knowledge of memory for details and routines
  • Anticipate, remember, and describe daily sequence of events

Cognitive and General; About the World
  • Observe and describe characteristics of living things, the weather, etc.
  • Begins understanding basic science concepts. IE. sound, gravity, light
  • Uses senses to observe and explore materials and phenomena
  • Increased knowledge of memory for details and routines
  • Understand that change is related to time
  • Recounts daily activities
  • Recall Location of familiar objects
  • Makes choices

Fine Arts
  • Have more control of body
  • Becomes aware of position in space
  • Participates in group music experiences
  • Explores simple songs using voice and/or instruments
  • Imitate what others do
  • Engage in pretend play
  • Gains control in grasping simple art tools
  • Entertainment with a variety of art materials. IE paint, markers

Physical Development and Health
  • Coordinates movement in grabbing, rolling, tossing and throwing
  • Moves with some balance and control
  • Improved Eye-Hand Coordination in reaching for and grasping objects
  • Participates in basic health and safety routines